Thursday, April 19, 2018

How to make a web server using ESP8266

You can build a web server using ESP8266 within minutes.

You can build this web server to control your devices from the web using your PC or Mobile Phone.

Here is the steps to it.




Components


Arduino
ESP8266


Connection

ESP8266FTDI programmer
RXTX
TXRX
CH_PD3.3V
GPIO 0GND
VCC3.3V
GNDGND


Circuit


ESP8266 Flasher
Programming Circuit



ESP-web-server_bb
Application Circuit



Code

/*********
  Rui Santos
  Complete project details at http://randomnerdtutorials.com  
*********/
// Load Wi-Fi library
#include 
// Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid     = "REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_SSID";
const char* password = "REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_PASSWORD";
// Set web server port number to 80
WiFiServer server(80);
// Variable to store the HTTP request
String header;
// Auxiliar variables to store the current output state
String output5State = "off";
String output4State = "off";
// Assign output variables to GPIO pins
const int output5 = 5;
const int output4 = 4;
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  // Initialize the output variables as outputs
  pinMode(output5, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(output4, OUTPUT);
  // Set outputs to LOW
  digitalWrite(output5, LOW);
  digitalWrite(output4, LOW);

  // Connect to Wi-Fi network with SSID and password
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }
  // Print local IP address and start web server
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected.");
  Serial.println("IP address: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
  server.begin();
}
void loop(){
  WiFiClient client = server.available();   // Listen for incoming clients

  if (client) {                             // If a new client connects,
    Serial.println("New Client.");          // print a message out in the serial port
    String currentLine = "";                // make a String to hold incoming data from the client
    while (client.connected()) {            // loop while the client's connected
      if (client.available()) {             // if there's bytes to read from the client,
        char c = client.read();             // read a byte, then
        Serial.write(c);                    // print it out the serial monitor
        header += c;
        if (c == '\n') {                    // if the byte is a newline character
          // if the current line is blank, you got two newline characters in a row.
          // that's the end of the client HTTP request, so send a response:
          if (currentLine.length() == 0) {
            // HTTP headers always start with a response code (e.g. HTTP/1.1 200 OK)
            // and a content-type so the client knows what's coming, then a blank line:
            client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
            client.println("Content-type:text/html");
            client.println("Connection: close");
            client.println();
            
            // turns the GPIOs on and off
            if (header.indexOf("GET /5/on") >= 0) {
              Serial.println("GPIO 5 on");
              output5State = "on";
              digitalWrite(output5, HIGH);
            } else if (header.indexOf("GET /5/off") >= 0) {
              Serial.println("GPIO 5 off");
              output5State = "off";
              digitalWrite(output5, LOW);
            } else if (header.indexOf("GET /4/on") >= 0) {
              Serial.println("GPIO 4 on");
              output4State = "on";
              digitalWrite(output4, HIGH);
            } else if (header.indexOf("GET /4/off") >= 0) {
              Serial.println("GPIO 4 off");
              output4State = "off";
              digitalWrite(output4, LOW);
            }
            
            // Display the HTML web page
            client.println("");
            client.println("");
            client.println("");
            // CSS to style the on/off buttons 
            // Feel free to change the background-color and font-size attributes to fit your preferences
            client.println("
");
           
           
// Web Page Heading
            client
.println("

ESP8266 Web Server

"
);
           
           
// Display current state, and ON/OFF buttons for GPIO 5  
            client
.println("GPIO 5 - State " + output5State + "");
           
// If the output5State is off, it displays the ON button      
           
if (output5State=="off") {
              client
.println("
"
);
           
} else {
              client
.println("
"
);
           
}
             
           
// Display current state, and ON/OFF buttons for GPIO 4  
            client
.println("GPIO 4 - State " + output4State + "");
           
// If the output4State is off, it displays the ON button      
           
if (output4State=="off") {
              client
.println("
"
);
           
} else {
              client
.println("
"
);
           
}
            client
.println("");
           
           
// The HTTP response ends with another blank line
            client
.println();
           
// Break out of the while loop
           
break;
         
} else { // if you got a newline, then clear currentLine
            currentLine
= "";
         
}
       
} else if (c != '\r') {  // if you got anything else but a carriage return character,
          currentLine
+= c;      // add it to the end of the currentLine
       
}
     
}
   
}
   
// Clear the header variable
    header
= "";
   
// Close the connection
    client
.stop();
   
Serial.println("Client disconnected.");
   
Serial.println("");
 
}
}




Source: Random Nerd Tutorials